Nissan Maxima QX

since 1993 release

Repair and operation of the car



Nissan Maxima QX
+ Cars of the Nissan Maxima brand
+ Maintenance instruction
- Settings and routine maintenance
   Schedule of routine maintenance of the Nissan Maxima cars
   General information
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering
   Check of the ATF level of automatic transmission
   Replacement of motive oil and oil filter
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check, service and charging of the rechargeable battery
   Check of a state, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of a driving belt
   Check of a state and replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment
   Check of a condition of components of the cooling system
   Rotation of wheels
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system
   Check of the brake system
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of level of the RKPP gearbox oil
   Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element
   Replacement of the fuel filter
   Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of a state and replacement of VV of candle wires, cover and runner of the distributor
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of the operated ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Service of the cooling system (depletion, washing and filling)
   Replacement of ATF of automatic transmission and main transfer
   Replacement of the RKPP gearbox oil
   Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive
   Check of a condition of the EGR valve
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Service of the cooling system (depletion, washing and filling)

Do not allow hit of antifreeze on open parts of the body and the painted surfaces of the car. Immediately wash away casual splashes a plentiful amount of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences (up to a lethal outcome). Never leave antifreeze stored in leaky closed container and immediately collect the cooling liquid spilled on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways of utilization of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities. In many regions of the world special points on different reception of working off are equipped. Do not merge old cooling liquid in the sewerage and on the earth at all!

Recently nontoxical grades of antifreeze were developed, however they also demand care in the address.

Regularly, according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see the Section Schedule of Routine Maintenance of the Nissan Maxima Cars), the cooling system has to be emptied, washed out and be filled with fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Such service allows to prevent development of corrosion in a cooling path and considerably increases efficiency of functioning of system. During service also the condition of all hoses of system and a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator without fail has to be checked (see the Section Check of a State and Replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment). Defective components are subject to replacement. Do not forget about precautionary measures which have to be observed at service of the cooling system (see the prevention at the beginning of the Section).


Depletion

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Cock the parking brake and prop up wheels antiretractable boots. It is necessary to start direct performing procedures of service only after full cooling of the engine, i.e. several hours later after end of a trip.

2. Having waited for final cooling of the engine, uncover a jellied mouth of a radiator, get the capacity suitable on volume under the drain gate located in the lower part of radiator assembly. Pull a piece of a hose with an internal diameter about 9.5 mm which second end lower in drain capacity on the union (such hose can be included in a basic equipment of some models). Weaken the gate and lower cooling liquid in capacity.

3. Upon completion of an effluence of cooling liquid from a radiator move capacity under a drain opening of the block of cylinders (such openings are provided from each of the parties of the power unit. Turn out a stopper and lower liquid from the engine.

If after a stopper reversing liquid does not begin to follow from an opening, clean it from corrosion traces the suitable screw-driver.

4. While liquid merges from the block, check a condition of hoses of a cooling path and collars of their fastening (see the Section Check of a State and Replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment).
5. Replace the damaged or failed components (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating). Screw into place and strongly tighten drain traffic jams.


Washing

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Upon completion of depletion of system remove from the engine the thermostat (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating), take it from a casing and establish the last back on the regular place (empty). Now the system is ready to washing.
2. Tighten the drain gate of a radiator, connect the lower radiator hose. Transfer the handle of management of functioning of system of heating of salon to the maximum heating to provide also due washing of the heat exchanger of a heater.

3. Disconnect the top hose from a radiator and insert a garden hose into a landing branch pipe of the last. Include water supply and continue washing until the pure transparent stream does not begin to follow from the top hose.

4. In cases of especially strong pollution or violation of passability of a radiator, remove the last (see the Head of the Cooling system, heating) and bring him for recovery repair and service in a workshop of car service. Products of corrosion and dense deposits are removed from a path of the cooling system by chemical processing, - follow instructions of manufacturers of the cleaner acquired by you.

At regular performing procedures of washing of system and replacement of cooling liquid need for carrying out chemical processing of a path should not arise.

5. Having finished washing, empty a radiator and lower the water remains from the block of cylinders.


Gas station

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Restore initial connection of radiator hoses and install into place the thermostat.
2. Transfer the handle of management of system of heating of salon to the maximum heating.

3. Slowly fill in in a radiator fresh, made in the required proportions (see Specifications) antifreeze mix with water. Continue filling until the level of liquid does not rise to the lower cut of a jellied mouth. Add cooling liquid in a broad tank, having brought its level to the lower mark (FULL COLD). Wait five minutes and double-check the level of cooling liquid in a radiator, in case of need make adjustment.

On models 1993 and 1994 of of the issue for production of the air which got to the cooling highway weaken the stopper which is specially intended for this purpose on the engine block. When from under a stopper cooling liquid begins to follow, again tighten it and correct liquid level in a radiator.

4. Without establishing a cover on a radiator, start the engine and warm up it before opening of the valve of the thermostat (liquid has to begin to circulate through a radiator, at the same time there will be a warming up of the top hose of the last).
5. Kill the engine and let's it cool down. Add a little more liquid in a radiator, having brought its level to the lower cut of a jellied mouth.
6. By tightening of the top hose of a radiator let out from it the air, in case of need add a little more cooling liquid. Establish into place a radiator cover.
7. Transfer the handle of management of system of heating of salon to the maximum heating, turn on the heater fan on the maximum speed.
8. Start the engine, warm up it up to the normal working temperature and check system for existence of signs of leaks.