Nissan Maxima QX

since 1993 release

Repair and operation of the car



Nissan Maxima QX
+ Cars of the Nissan Maxima brand
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Settings and routine maintenance
- Engine
   - SOHC engines
      General information
      Preparatory actions and the list of repair procedures which can be executed without extraction of the engine from the car
      Reduction of the piston of the first cylinder in the provision of the top dead point (TDP)
      Removal and installation of covers of heads of cylinders
      Removal, check of a state and installation of assembly of yokes
      Replacement of maslootrazhatelny caps and valvate springs with plates
      Removal and installation of a gas-distributing belt and cogwheels of the GRM drive
      Removal and installation of camshafts and pushers of valves
      Removal and installation of the inlet pipeline
      Removal and installation of final collectors
      Removal and installation of heads of cylinders
      Removal and installation of a pulley of a bent shaft
      Replacement of a forward epiploon of a bent shaft
      Removal and installation of the pallet of a case of the engine
      Removal, check of a state and installation of the oil pump
      Removal and installation of a flywheel / driving disk
      Replacement of a back epiploon of a bent shaft
      Check of a state and replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
   + DOHC engines
   + General capital repairs of the engine
+ Cooling systems, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Reduction of the piston of the first cylinder in the provision of the top dead point (TDP)

The description of the procedure given below is made on the basis of the assumption of correctness of connection of VV of candle wires and installation of the distributor of ignition. If there is a need of reduction of the engine for VMT for the purpose of updating of the provision of the distributor, position of the piston in the first cylinder of the engine can be qualitatively defined by tracking of change of compression pressure through a candle opening. Further it is necessary to achieve combination of the corresponding adjusting tags.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The Top Dead Point (TDP) is called the highest point of a piston stroke in the cylinder. Strictly speaking, in 4-stroke engines in the course of rotation of a bent shaft this situation is reached by each of pistons twice: once at the end of a step of compression and the second - at the end of a final step. During the performing of settings of phases of gas distribution and installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition the provision of VMT of the end of a step of compression of the piston is in most cases used (usually the first cylinder).
2. Need for reduction of the piston (it) in the provision of VMT arises when holding many procedures, in particular such as removal/installation of camshafts, components of the GRM drive and distributor of ignition.
3. Make sure that transmission is transferred to neutral situation, then strongly cock the parking brake, or prop up back wheels of the car antiretractable boots. Also immobilize system of ignition, having disconnected a coil wire from a cover of the distributor and having grounded it on the mass of the block. Remove spark plugs (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance).
4. Reduction of any of pistons in the provision of VMT is made by a provorachivaniye of a bent shaft of the engine by one of the ways described below. If to look at the engine in front (from a driving belt), the direction clockwise will be the normal direction of rotation of a bent shaft. Remember that the attempt of a provorachivaniye of a shaft counterclockwise can lead to violation of adjustments of a gas-distributing belt:

a) The most effective method is the shaft provorachivaniye in the normal direction for the bolt screwed in an end face of its forward pin by means of a face key with the ratchet drive;
b) Use of the remote switch of a starter will allow to save time (follow instructions of manufacturers). As soon as the piston appears rather close from VMT of the end of a step of compression, the starter stops and further adjustment is carried out by the method described in point (a);
c) In the presence of the assistant, the preliminary provorachivaniye of the engine can be carried out by short breakthroughs from the driver's place under the leadership of the operator. The same principle, as described in point (b). Final adjustment, besides, is made manually, by means of a face key (see point and).

5. Remember position of the plug of connection of a candle wire of the first cylinder on a distributor cover. If the plug is not marked, walk on a wire from a candle to a cover and put the corresponding tag independently.

6. By means of a marker or chalk mark a distributor case rim in a point directly under the plug of the first cylinder of a cover.
7. Uncover the distributor and put it aside (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance).

8. Turn a bent shaft clockwise so that the zero (yellow) tag of VMT on its pulley was combined with the triangular index on a cover of a gas-distributing belt.

On a pulley there are several adjusting tags: from 0 (BMT) to 30 °C at a slow pace in 5 °. The extreme left mark (looking in front), which is usually tinted in yellow color is zero.

9. Now check position of the runner of the distributor, - it has to be the developed nose precisely to a tag on a case rim.

10. If the runner is deployed concerning a tag on 180 °, therefore, the piston of the first cylinder is in the provision of VMT of the end of a final step.
11. To bring the piston into VMT of the end of a step of compression, it is necessary to turn a bent shaft on one whole revolution (360 °) clockwise. Now the runner has to be deployed by a nose to a tag.
12. If all listed above conditions about combination of tags are met, the task can be considered executed, - the piston of the first cylinder is given to the provision of VMT of the end of a step of compression.
13. Now, that serially, as ignition to bring the remained pistons into VMT, it is necessary to put the corresponding tags on a distributor case rim (as it was done higher for the plug of connection of the first candle wire). Provorachivaniye of a bent shaft will be inevitably followed by rotation of the runner which combination of a nose with the corresponding tag and will be confirmation of reduction of the next piston in VMT of the end of a step of compression.

For transition from VMT of one cylinder to following VMT the bent shaft should be turned on 120 °.